THE RAMPUR SEHSWAN
One of the prominent pioneers of this style was Ustad
Inayat Hussain Khan of Sehswan. He came under the
tutelage of Ustad Bahadur Husain Khan of Rampur, who
represented the pure "Seniya" tradition which could be
traced back to Miyan Tansen. This marked the beginning
of a long association between Rampur and Sehswan. Hence
this rich vocalism was called the Rampur Sehswan
Gharana. Khan Sahib's visit to Gwalior resulted in an
influence of the Gwalior Gharana. Later on, his two
son-in-laws, Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan & Padma
Bhushan Nissair Hussain Khan carried on the tradition of
the Gharana. It then evolved into a blend of Agra &
Style: A salient feature of this style is the
perceptible impress of the instrumental style in singing.
Devices like "Meend" and "Soot" are an integral part of the
overall scheme. There are intricate sargam patterns, notably
known as "Choot-ki-Sargam"; which come and go in quick
succession. They cover three octaves, sometimes skipping
octaves in between. Attention is paid to long range
"Sapaat-Taan". Another unique feature is the "Tappa-Taan".
"Tarana" and "Layakare" are used to create dynamics. The
intricate beauty of this style is revealed as it unfolds
varieties of vocal patterns.
Torchbearers: Ustad Inayat Hussain Khan, Ustad
Mushtaq Hussain Khan, Padma Bhushan Ustad Nissar Hussain Khan,
Pandit Ramkrishna Vaze, Khadim Hussain Khan, Ishtiaq Hussain
Khan, Ghulam Taqi, Ghulam Sadiq, Ghulam Mustafa, Hafeez Ahmed
Hussaid and Rashid Khan.
This rich heritage is associated with the holy city of
"Varanasi", which needs to be aptly described as a parampara.
This tradition is known to have produced at least two
generations of vocalists, instrumentalists, percussionists and
Vocal Style / Genre: This
musical style has richness, devotion and a monumental quality.
It is "Khayal-oriented". "Thumris" are also sung, which create
certain moods through a combination of words and melody.
Restraint of rendering is a feature of this graceful style.
The Torchbearers: The shehnai maestro
Bismillah Khan and the late sarangi wizard Gopal Mishra. The
prima-dona of Kathak Sitara-devi. Vocalists Bade Ramdasji,
Shrimati Siddheshwari Devi, Pandit Mahadev Mishra, the singing
duo Pandit Rajan Sajan Mishra, Shrimati Girijadevi.