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THE RAMPUR SEHSWAN GHARANA

History-Genealogy: One of the prominent pioneers of this style was Ustad Inayat Hussain Khan of Sehswan. He came under the tutelage of Ustad Bahadur Husain Khan of Rampur, who represented the pure "Seniya" tradition which could be traced back to Miyan Tansen. This marked the beginning of a long association between Rampur and Sehswan. Hence this rich vocalism was called the Rampur Sehswan Gharana. Khan Sahib's visit to Gwalior resulted in an influence of the Gwalior Gharana. Later on, his two son-in-laws, Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan & Padma Bhushan Nissair Hussain Khan carried on the tradition of the Gharana. It then evolved into a blend of Agra & Gwalior Gharanas.

Vocal Style: A salient feature of this style is the perceptible impress of the instrumental style in singing. Devices like "Meend" and "Soot" are an integral part of the overall scheme. There are intricate sargam patterns, notably known as "Choot-ki-Sargam"; which come and go in quick succession. They cover three octaves, sometimes skipping octaves in between. Attention is paid to long range "Sapaat-Taan". Another unique feature is the "Tappa-Taan". "Tarana" and "Layakare" are used to create dynamics. The intricate beauty of this style is revealed as it unfolds varieties of vocal patterns.

The Torchbearers: Ustad Inayat Hussain Khan, Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan, Padma Bhushan Ustad Nissar Hussain Khan, Pandit Ramkrishna Vaze, Khadim Hussain Khan, Ishtiaq Hussain Khan, Ghulam Taqi, Ghulam Sadiq, Ghulam Mustafa, Hafeez Ahmed Hussaid and Rashid Khan.


THE BENARES GHARANA

History-Genealogy: This rich heritage is associated with the holy city of "Varanasi", which needs to be aptly described as a parampara. This tradition is known to have produced at least two generations of vocalists, instrumentalists, percussionists and dancers.

Vocal Style / Genre: This musical style has richness, devotion and a monumental quality. It is "Khayal-oriented". "Thumris" are also sung, which create certain moods through a combination of words and melody. Restraint of rendering is a feature of this graceful style.

The Torchbearers: The shehnai maestro Bismillah Khan and the late sarangi wizard Gopal Mishra. The prima-dona of Kathak Sitara-devi. Vocalists Bade Ramdasji, Shrimati Siddheshwari Devi, Pandit Mahadev Mishra, the singing duo Pandit Rajan Sajan Mishra, Shrimati Girijadevi.

 
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